With your help, CARE’s savings groups are changing the world

By CARE Australia February 14, 2017 0 comments

In 1991, CARE launched a program in Niger that would change the world. We harnessed the ancient practice of group savings in a concept called Village Savings and Loan Associations.

Now, it has expanded to include more than five million members across Africa and around the globe. Members are earning an income, starting businesses, and investing in their families and communities.

Here’s the story of how one of the very first CARE savings groups has helped three generations in Niger.

June 10th, 2016 Kagadam Village, Niger In the rural areas of Niger, Villages like Kagadam are close nit communities where families and neighbors depend on each other to survive in the harsh dry Sahel region. These are images of daily life in Kagadama, a village CARE began it’s pilot saving’s and loan program over 25 year-ago. BACKGROUND From June 10TH-14TH, 2016 a communications team from CARE USA visited sites around the district town of Maradi in the Eastern part of Niger, with a CARE staffer from Norway named Moira, who in 1991 started what would become known globally as CARE’s Village Saving and Loans Project. In the early 1990s CARE developed what would become an important model for cooperative microfinance. This model is called the Village Savings and Loans Associations (VSLAs) and it began in 1991 as a pilot project run by CARE's Country Office in Niger.[23] The pilot project was called Mata Masu Dubara (MMD) and CARE Niger developed the VSLA model by adapting the model of Accumulating Savings and Credit Associations (ASCAs). VSLAs involve groups of about 15-30 people who regularly save and borrow using a group fund. Member savings create capital that can be used for short-term loans and capital and interest is shared among the group at the end of a given period (usually about a year), at which point the groups normally re-form to begin a new cycle. Because the bookkeeping required to manage a VSLA is quite simple most groups successfully become independent (needing no outside management help) within a year and enjoy a high rate of long-term group survival.[24] CARE has created over 40,000 VSLAs (over 1 million members total) across Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Photo by Josh Estey/CARE

As a girl, Fatchima’s life was limited to the daily chores necessary to survive. And she took on a lot more when she was married at just 15.

When remembering her village 30 years ago, she said: “Everyone used to fight all the time. We all had a black heart, because there was no money and no food. There was no peace and no happiness.”

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Laoura, a neighbour, remembers ambulances racing to the village almost every day. “The children were always sick, always malnourished. And when the ambulances left, they didn’t take just one child. They took ten.”

Moira-5In 1991, Moira Eknes, a CARE program manager, met with women in Fatchima’s village. She quickly learned that women needed ways to earn an income.

The women explained that they had one savings method – a money “merry-go-round” – in which a group saved a few cents a week. At the end of the month, one group member would take the collective savings to buy food for her family or items to sell for a profit.

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As Moira recalled: “We thought, ‘What if we made the fund last longer? What if we built it up so multiple members could take loans along the way, then pay them back with interest?’”

The model she built from the traditional version became known as Village Savings and Loan Associations, or VSLAs.

 

Fatchima Aboubacar poses for a picture. Fatchima is a member of the first VSLA in 1991 (Mata Masu Dubara) who says that MMD has created peace where there was once constant fighting among husbands and wives, families and neighbors. “Everyone had a black heart,” she said, "because no jobs meant no money – and that meant little food." Since she joined MMD, she has become an entrepreneur, making and selling peanut oil, and providing natural remedies with herbs. She says, with a wink, that her most popular product has been a homemade aphrodisiac. She also has moved from a straw hat to a semi-mud hut with metal roof, paid for her children’s weddings, educated most of them and made a 90-day pilgrimage to Mecca, which she says fulfills her as a Muslim.

Fatchima borrowed money to make and sell remedies that cured ailments. With her income, she was able to feed her children more nutritious food, improving their health. She built a new home – semi-concrete with a metal roof – leaving behind her straw hut, which now shelters her goats.

Other groups were saving and starting businesses too – selling rice cakes, groundnuts and farming new foods like carrots and cabbages. “We had never seen those things before, but our group bought land and started growing them. The kids loved it so they ate it, and that made them healthier,” Fatchima said.

Haoua from Kagadama village outside Maradi City in Niger, poses for a picture with her daughter outside her home. Haoua is the daughter of Fatchima Aboubacar, a member of the first Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA), also known as "Mata Masu Dubara" (MMD), which began in 1991. She was married early (Niger has the highest percentage of child brides in the world) and was unable to go to school. She says VSLA (MMD), however, has taught her the value of education, and though one of her own children was married at 15 and is not in school, her other five children are getting the education that she knows will bring them more opportunities than she had. “My kids will be stronger than my generation, and their kids stronger than theirs,” she says.

Fatchima’s daughter, Haoua, grew up attending group meetings with her mother, and is now a member too. She earns a consistent income that helps send her children to school.

“People are more enlightened today. They know how to earn money and how to invest it. My generation is wiser than my mother’s, and my kids’ will be stronger than mine. It will only continue.”

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Fatchima’s 12-year-old granddaughter Nana, has set her sights on becoming a teacher.

And she wants the same opportunities for everyone in her village. “My hope is that everyone grows and develops together. Seeing them happy makes me happy.”

 

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