Life expectancy: 71.33 years (68.8 for males, 73.99 for females)
Infant mortality: 27.95 deaths for every 1,000 live births
Maternal mortality: 420 per 100,000 live births*
HIIV/AIDs prevalence in adults: 0.2%
Adult literacy rate: 92%
Access to improved drinking water: 80%
Access to sanitation facilities: 52%
GDP per capita: $4,200
(Source: CIA World Factbook, UNICEF,*UNFPA)
CARE in Indonesia
|© Nicole Friend/CARE|
CARE has been operating in Indonesia since 1967 and was initially involved in food distribution in Java - the most populated island in Indonesia. For several decades CARE provided community development programs focusing on infrastructure, medical training, health, environment and water and sanitation projects. The Asian economic crisis of the 1990s devastated Indonesia's economy and CARE quickly responded by providing access to clean water and sanitation, primary health care, trained doctors and paramedics, while building schools and helping poor farmers increase crop yields.
In the aftermath of the devastating 2004 tsunami that killed more than 132,000 people in Aceh, CARE was on the ground saving lives and ensuring people had access to clean drinking water, food and shelter. Activities then shifted to sustainable and long-term recovery of tsunami affected communities. CARE worked with communities to restore livelihoods, build earthquake resistant housing and develop disaster plans in the event of future emergencies.
CARE’s current programming also focuses on the impact of climate change from working with village-level fire brigades to addressing food security issues. Working with communities to get access to clean water for household consumption is an ongoing problem therefore is still a priority in a number of project areas.
Download more information on CARE's work in Indonesia
Help her live
The devastating 2004 Asian tsunami killed around 200,000 people – with 100,000 alone in Aceh on the northern tip of Sumatra, Indonesia. On the island of Simeulue, 150k from Sumatra, almost the entire population survived but their homes did not. The devastation was made worse by another massive earthquake that struck the island only three months after the tsunami.
|© Nicole Friend/CARE|
CARE conducted a relief and rehabilitation operation in Simeulue in 2005, providing immediate emergency support to up to 79,000 people. In the wake of the second earthquake, CARE played an important role in providing essential health services using mobile health clinics which provided services to approximately 20,000 people in rural areas of Simeulue.
During the recovery and rehabilitation phase, CARE concentrated on strengthening government health systems, supporting expectant mothers and mothers of children under the age of five with improved health services. We worked with women to increase awareness on maternal health and provided training for government and village midwives to reduce the number of deaths during childbirth.
Furthermore, CARE has supported mothers to establish home vegetable gardens to improve the nutrition of family diets, and has advocated for the provision of Vitamin A and deworming medicines to children under five years of age.
Learn more about CARE’s work with women and girls
|‘I want to be a successful person someday. I want to make my parents happy. I want to continue going to school until I can’t learn more.’
Thirteen-year-old Susanti, who had to leave school and work to help her family, joined a CARE activity in Indonesia to commemorate the World Day against Child Labour. Here, she was able to share stories, meet other children, gain knowledge on her rights and, most importantly, play.