Fast facts

Population: 55.74 million
Life expectancy: 66 years
Maternal mortality: 200 per 100,000 live births
HIV prevalence: 0.6%
Adult literacy rate: 93%
Access to improved drinking water: 94% (urban), 79% (rural) 

(Source: CIA World Factbook)


CARE in Myanmar

CARE has been working with vulnerable people and communities in Myanmar since 1995. 

We have projects focusing on:

  • Sexual reproductive health 
  • Water and sanitation
  • Improving access to nutritious food
  • Livelihoods
  • Community forestry
  • Women's empowerment
  • Disaster risk reduction

Adult literacy classes   Medical support
CARE is providing literacy training for women and girls in Myanmar. ©Tom Greenwood/CARE  

Women can access medical treatment at CARE-supported clinics. ©Tom Greenwood/CARE


CARE’s programs start by focusing on a particular group of vulnerable people and working to make sustained improvements in their lives over 10-15 years. The two main groups we work with in Myanmar are those socially marginalised people, along with vulnerable rural women.


Socially marginalised people

  • Although diverse, socially marginalised people share many common vulnerabilities.
  • New migrants to urban areas, especially females, are particularly at risk.

Socially marginalised people include those living with HIV, sexual minorities, sexworkers, people who inject drugs and female migrants, who live in urban areas and experience multiple forms of exclusion and exploitation.

CARE is supporting socially marginalised people gain equal and fair access to safe, secure employment. We are also helping to ensure socially marginalised people have equal participation in society and decision making.

CARE is working with socially marginalised people to:

  • Ensure access to safe employment
  • Migrate safely without falling victim to trafficking
  • Ensure equal rights
  • Strengthen networks and support systems
  • Reduce health risks
  • Improve quality and length of life for people who are HIV positive


Socially marginalised people
CARE's works with socially marginalised people, including people who are HIV positive. We support groups with counselling, nutrition and medical support, and training in new skills and support networks to earn an income. Read more on CARE’s blog ©Tom Greenwood/CARE


Vulnerable rural women

This group includes rural women who lack productive resources and are affected by the legacy of displacement and under-development from Myanmar's internal conflicts.

Conflict and violence over the past 60 years combined with international isolation has affected local economies, services, skills, social and gender relationships, levels of social cohesion and safety nets, physical safety and many other areas of life. 

Women in isolated rural populations remain particularly disadvantaged, with unequal access to natural resources and services, weak access to markets and economic opportunities, lack of voice and participation at different levels and limited support networks. They also experience significant loss of life, displacement, rights abuses and violence.

CARE is helping vulnerable rural women:

  • Increase income-earning opportunities
  • Improve access to nutritious food
  • Increase the voices and decision-making of women
  • Access water, sanitation and hygiene
  • Improve maternal and reproductive health
  • Strengthen early childhood development
  • Build peace in violence-affected areas

 Lessons and impact

We analyse and evaluate our projects to monitor results and learn how we can improve programs. View CARE evaluation reports from Myanmar and other countries at CARE's Electronic Evaluation Library.


Other resources and highlights

 Marginalised Urban Women in South-East Asia  Asia Impact Report  Women & Leadership in Myanmar  Review of AusAID PFHAB

Marginalised Urban Women in South-East Asia Download

Asia Impact Report Download

Women & Leadership in Myanmar Download

Review of AusAID Periodic Funding for Humanitarian Assistance to Burma Download





 CARE International in Myanmar’s Cyclone Nargis Operation 2008-2013  Laying the Path, Setting a Future   CARE Myanmar DRR Emergency overview   Laying the Path, Setting a Future

Myanmar’s Cyclone Nargis Operation 2008-2013 Download

Cyclone Nargis Operation, Myanmar 2008-2013 Download

CARE Myanmar DRR & Emergency Overview Download

Laying the Path, Setting a Future: Cyclone Nargis Response Download

  Reconstructing Houses: Rebuilding Lives      

Reconstructing Houses, Rebuilding Lives: Cyclone Giri Response Download




Page updated 29/10/14

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