Fast facts

Population: 93.4 million
Life expectancy: 72.91 years
Maternal mortality: 59 per 100,000 live births
HIV prevalence: 0.4%
Adult literacy rate: 93.4%
Access to improved drinking water: 99.5% (urban), 93.8% (rural) 

(Source: CIA World Factbook)


CARE in Vietnam

CARE is working to reduce poverty in Vietnam, with a focus on:

  • Reproductive and sexual health
  • Livelihood support systems
  • Women and minority groups
  • Climate change and disaster risk reduction
  • Rural and community development
  • Emergency preparedness and emergency relief 

Mushrooms provide the chance to get an education   The house that pigs built
In southern Vietnam, a CARE micro-finance project is providing vulnerable households with loans, training and support to begin small businesses. Read more ©Josh Estey/CARE  

Ma Thi Huong received training from CARE on raising pigs. She has increased her income and is now teaching the rest of her community the skills she has learnt. Read more ©Josh Estey/CARE


CARE’s programs start by focusing on a particular group of vulnerable people and working to make sustained improvements in their lives over 10-15 years. The two main groups we work with in Vietnam are:


Women from remote ethnic minorities

  • There is a clear link between ethnicity, poverty and social exclusion in Vietnam
  • Remote ethnic groups are isolated by location, language and culture

Of the almost 10 million people who make up Vietnam's ethnic minority population, over half live in poverty and lack reliable access to nutritious food.

Isolated by geography, language and culture, remote ethnic minorities face many challenges, including:

  • Limited access to productive resources, particularly land 
  • Limited participation in economic opportunities 
  • Weak access to basic services 
  • Particular vulnerabilities to natural disasters and climate change

Women from remote ethnic groups remain particularly disadvantaged because of unequal rights, opportunities and access to education. They are often confined to the household with heavy workloads and are at high risk of gender-based violence.

CARE is working with remote ethnic groups to improve participation in the economy and society - particularly for women, reduce gender-based violence, improve maternal health and nutrition, build resilience to shocks and support improved governance.


Remote ethnic minorities
Trieu took part in CARE training on how to raise chickens. Her group is now the key provider of young chicks to the entire region and she's earning a steady income. She's also passing on her knowledge to the rest of her community. Read more on CARE's blog ©Josh Estey/CARE


Socially marginalised people

  • Almost 30 per cent of Vietnam's population now live in cities
  • New migrants to urban areas, especially females, are particularly at risk
  • Although diverse, socially marginalised people share many common vulnerabilities

Vietnam is experiencing rapid urbanisation, with almost 30 per cent of the total population now living in cities.

In urban areas, CARE works with socially marginalised people including sex workers, people who inject drugs, people living with HIV, sexual minorities, and women who have recently moved from rural areas.

Although diverse, these groups experience many common vulnerabilities including:

  • Overt discrimination
  • Deep-rooted stigma
  • Limited access to safe and stable work
  • Risk of exploitation, and physical and sexual abuse
  • Very poor living conditions
  • Weak resilience to shocks
  • Barriers to accessing quality services

CARE is working with these groups to improve access to services and safe work, reduce the risk of gender-based violence, ensure equitable participation in society, improve maternal and reproductive health, and ensure fairer economic and legal protections. 


CARE’s PACE project works with employees in factories throughout Vietnam
CARE's PACE project works with employees in factories throughout Vietnam to improve their confidence, self esteem and health education. Read more on CARE’s blog ©Josh Estey/CARE


Lessons and impact

We analyse and evaluate our projects to monitor results and learn how we can improve programs. Below is a selection of recent reports on CARE's work in Vietnam:


Other resources and highlights


 Marginalised Urban Women in South-East Asia  Climate vulnerability and capacity of ethnic minorities  in the northern mountainous region of Vietnam  Asia Impact Report  Experience of non-governmental organisations in Vietnam in responding to climate change

REPORT: Marginalised Urban Women in South-East Asia Download

REPORT: Climate vulnerability and capacity of ethnic minorities in the northern moutainous regions of Vietnam Download

REPORT: Asia Impact Report Download

SUMMARY: Experience of non-governmental organisations in Vietnam responding to climate change Download

CBA in practice

Breaking down barriers in Vietnam


PAPER: Community-Based Adaptation in Practice Download

BLOG: Breaking down barriers in Vietnam Read

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